Dive into the 7 parts of the human brain and each function
The human brain is one of the most advanced vital organs and anatomy. This organ has a major role as a control center for thousands of activities carried out by the body, both those which are carried out consciously such as holding a cellphone and those which are not such as digesting food. That is why the health of every part of the brain and the smooth functioning of each function should not be underestimated.
Still, doubt the brain’s ability? Maybe you have watched films in a foreign language that you are not good at, say Korean or Indian. Just focus on listening to the language you may not immediately understand. But at the same time, the brain works simultaneously to process images and read the translated text through the eyes of the eye to process the voice and intonation of the actor so that you can interpret the meaning. All of these things can happen in just a fraction of a second.
Anatomy of the human brain and its main functions
The scenario above is just one example of the many “miracles” the brain can perform. Of course, this sophistication cannot just happen. The anatomy of the human brain which consists of parts such as the cerebellum, cerebrum, to the nervous system that is in it work together in a complex but effective mechanism. Until now, research on the ability of the human brain is still being done. Hundreds of years since the beginning of research around the brain are not enough to unravel the mystery of the most complex organ in the body. Even so, in broad outline, the parts of the brain and their functions are known and are divided into several groups below.
1. Big brain
As the name implies, the cerebrum (cerebrum) is the biggest element and also functions the most. The outer surface is named the cerebral cortex and it is this part of what is seen when we visualize the human brain. The cerebral cortex is the contiguous part of the brain. The cerebrum is divided into two parts, left and right which is called the hemisphere. The left and right hemispheres are also commonly referred to as the left brain and right brain. The two are separated by a trench-like structure called an interhemispheric fissure or longitudinal fissure. Then, each hemisphere is further divided into parts of the brain called lobes. Each brain lobe has its role and function. You can also take a pro mind complex Supplement. These supplements can help you solve any memory problems you are experiencing. If you want to buy these supplement, you must read promind complex reviews
The cerebellum is located behind, just below the occipital lobe. This part of the brain plays an important role in fine motor skills, such as hand and foot coordination. The cerebellum also plays a role in body balance, posture, and equalization of left and right brain function (equilibrium).
3. Brain stem
The brain stem is the part of the brain that is located in front of the cerebellum and connects to the nervous system in the spine. The brain stem is then further divided into:
The thalamus is the part of the brain that is located above the brain stem, and its function is to process and transfer information about sensory movements in the brain. In a way, the thalamus is a transit terminal before this information moves to the cerebral cortex.
Hypothalamus is a group of nerve cells located at the base of the brain, close to the pituitary gland. This section deals with many other parts and is responsible for controlling hunger, thirst, emotions, body temperature, and sleep cycles.
6. Limbic system
In fact, until now there has been no official classification around the parts of the limbic system in the brain. But broadly speaking, the limbic system consists of four main parts, namely:
- Limbic cortex
- Septal section
The structures above act as a bridge that connects the limbic system, hypothalamus, and cerebral cortex. In general, this part of the brain acts as a control center for emotional responses. In particular, the hippocampus also plays an important role in a person’s learning and memory processes.
7. Basal ganglia
The basal ganglia are a group of nerve cells that are large and located around the thalamus. This part is very important in regulating the movement of the human body. The basal ganglia are connected to the midbrain by two components called the red nuclei or red nerve cells, and the substantia nigra.